Gas processing

The expanding industrialization of Saudi Arabia, and the increasing use of cleaner burning natural gas for power generation and seawater desalination, and as feedstock for the petrochemicals sector, provide opportunities for us to create significant additional value beyond crude oil.

In 2017, we processed an average of 12.4 billion standard cubic feet per day (scfd) of raw gas and supplied 8.7 billion scfd of natural gas with an energy content of 1,080 Btu per standard cubic feet (scf).

More than 40% of our nonassociated gas now comes from offshore fields such as Hasbah, which feeds our new Wasit Gas Plant. Designed to boost supplies of natural gas, our plants are expected to enable increased exports of higher value liquids, provide feedstock to the petrochemical industry, and reduce domestic reliance on liquid fuels for power generation. Additionally, the increased use of gas is expected to help lower greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality.

Working at Shaybah, deep in the Rub’ al-Khali, demands a relentless focus on safety and teamwork.


Designed to process as much as 2.4 billion scfd of associated gas and recover 275,000 bpd of ethane plus NGL, the Shaybah facility is feeding new volumes of NGL via pipeline to Ju’aymah for further processing before being delivered as petrochemical feedstock to industrial cities. 

Our significant investments in new gas processing capacity are targeted to help meet Saudi Arabia’s demand for energy, reduce the use of liquids for electricity generation, and enable opportunities in energy consuming industries such as steel, aluminum, and other downstream value-added sectors.

Our gas plant Wasit enables us to reach an all-time high for raw gas processing and will help reduce the Kingdom’s reliance on liquid fuels for power generation, freeing up more oil for export and for value-added products.

Wasit Gas Plant

Wasit Gas Plant, one of the largest gas plants we have ever built, was brought onstream in October, 2015 and reached full operating capacity in mid-2016. Unlike our other gas plants, Wasit is designed to process solely nonassociated gas.

To feed Wasit, we brought gas production onstream from the big bore nonassociated gas wells in our offshore Arabiyah and Hasbah fields, situated approximately 150 km northeast of Jubail Industrial City in the Arabian Gulf. With the startup of production from these two fields, more than 40% of our nonassociated gas now comes from offshore fields.

Our continued success in increasing supplies of cleaner burning natural gas makes it possible for us to reduce emissions, enable new industries and release more crude oil for value-added refining or export. 

With 61.5 million safe man-hours achieved without a lost time incident, Karan was completed ahead of schedule and below budget.


Karan, was our first non-associated offshore gas field development. Discovered in 2006 in the thickest, extremely prolific and complex carbonate layers, the project was fast-tracked, taking only five years to go from discovery to production.

Non-associated gas fields do not have an associated oil column and, therefore, can be accessed without producing oil. The raw gas is transported through a 110-kilometer subsea pipeline to the Khursaniyah Gas Plant for processing.